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Poodle: Origin, Temperament, Training, Exercise (Caniche)

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About Poodle

Country of Origin, History of Poodles

The Poodle originated in Germany as a water Retriever.

It has existed in Europe for centuries - probably as early as 15th - 16th century. It was from Europe that the Poodle entered the UK, North America, Australia and East Asia. Since it was a water retriever, it can be inferred that Poodles were popular amongst the wealthy and elite class in the society. Because of its use as a water spaniel and swimming ability, it has a French name "Caniche".

The Toy vaiety was very popular in France from the time of Louix XIV (18th century).

The Poodle is believed to be an ancestor of several breeds - like the Miniature Schbauzer, Standard Schnauzer, Bichon Frise, Irish Water Spaniel etc.

Although listed as the eighth most popular breed in 2006, Poodles enjoyed the longest reign as the #1 breed in the United States from 1960 until 1982.

Poodle Tools

Breed Selector Tool - is the Poodle the right breed for you?

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Are you aware dogs also have a learning style that can greatly affect their ability to housetrain as well as be trained correctly. Evaluate your Poodle's learning style and personality using our free Learning Style tool so that you are better able to provide him with the proper Poodle training methods.

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Poodle Calorie Calculator

Do you know how many calories your Poodle needs every day and how many cups of food you should be giving it every day? Click here to use our Poodle Calorie Calculator.

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A General Appearance of the Dog

A Poodle is of moderate build. It should have an elegant, balanced appearance, and should carry itself in a "proud" or "dignified" manner. Most poodles are proportionally long-legged dogs.


The long coat of the Poodle is double. The outer coat is wiry curls. The undercoat is thick and woolly. If unhindered, the outer coat forms thin cylindrical mats known as cords.

Most are solid-colored, and many registries only allow solid colors in conformation shows. "Parti" (short for parti-colored) Poodles have large patches of colors. "Phantom" Poodles have the color pattern of a black-and-tan dog, although not necessarily black and tan. Solid-colored Poodles may either "hold" their color (i.e., stay more or less the same color throughout their lives) or "fade" or "clear" to a lighter shade. Usually, the ears and the thicker guard hairs hold more of the original color than other fur.


Poodles come in 3 sizes:

• Standard – over 15";
• Miniature – 10-15";
• Toy – 10" and under;


• Standard – 45-70 lbs.
• Miniature – 15-17 lbs.
• Toy – 6-9 lbs

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Poodle Personality Traits

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The Spanish Water Dog is an extremely intelligent, fearless, ever-active, strong, attentive, happy and well balanced versatile working dog with strong herding, hunting and guardian instincts. It is a devoted companion. It is reserved, not shy, with strangers. They can be protective and territorial.

Are they suited to families with kids?

Most of them are good with children and other animals if properly socialized.


The Poodle doesn’t shed. It is thus perfect for allergy sufferers. Poodle show clips require many hours of brushing and care per week, about 10 hours/week for a standard poodle. Poodles are usually clipped down as soon as their show career is over and put into a lower-maintenance cut. Pet clips are much less elaborate than show clips and require much less maintenance.

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Free Course on Poodle Training & Obedience
Stop All Bad Behavior, Excessive Barking and Biting

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Health and Care

While the SWD seems to be a very healthy breed there are some issues that the SWD have, just like all other breeds. There are cases of Hip Dysplasia in the breed, so choose your breeder carefully.

All breeding dogs should have their hips tested, either by OFA or PennHIP. There have been a few cases of PRA reported in Europe so it is advised that all breeders should test their breeding stock for PRA and other such genetic eye diseases with a yearly CERF exam. A responsible breeder will be able to produce the results in writing.

Like other Water Dogs and related breeds, they grow hair in their ear canals and can be prone to ear infections. The ears must be kept dry and clean. . Because these dogs are (as a general rule) so active and energetic as puppies, they may seriously injure themselves from too much running and jumping when their skeletal structure is still developing.

National Breed Clubs

Breed Club:

Rescue Link:

Group: Non-Sporting Group.

AKC Popularity Ranking: 7

Also Known As: Caniche, French Poodle, Barbone, Chien Canne, Mini-Poodle

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Whereas other dog training related web sites and books offer generic information for dogs in general, ours is the ONLY web site that offers Poodle information specifically, from a renowned panel of experts - because as you probably know, Poodles have their own special training requirements that other dogs don't have.

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Our Dog Experts

The Poodle training information you will read here was developed by a panel of renowned dog training experts whose combined wisdom represents nearly 100 years of specialist experience training dogs.

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