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American Eskimo: Training, Characteristics, Exercise, Health (Spitz)

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About American Eskimo

Country of Origin, History of American Eskimos

The American Eskimo Dog is a Spitz type dog, bred in North America and closely related to the German Spitz. Anti-German sentiment during World War I may have led to the name change in the early 1900s and today they have become a separate breed. As with other Spitz-type dogs the American Eskimo is a Nordic type dog.

Late in the nineteenth century these dogs were used in circuses because of their quickness and agility, intelligence and trainability, and sparkling white coats. As they traveled in the circuses, people saw them and became enamored with them, so their popularity grew.

Relatives of this dog are the white German Spitz, the white Keeshound, the white Pomeranian and the Volpino Italiano (white Italian Spitz).

American Eskimo Tools

Breed Selector Tool - is the American Eskimo the right breed for you?

Is the American Eskimo the right breed for you and your family?

Find out by using our Free Dog Breed Selector Tool

Check Your American Eskimo's Learning Style

Are you aware dogs also have a learning style that can greatly affect their ability to housetrain as well as be trained correctly. Evaluate your American Eskimo's learning style and personality using our free Learning Style tool so that you are better able to provide him with the proper American Eskimo training methods.

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Does your American Eskimo bark unnecessarily? Does your American Eskimo come to you when you call? Download a FREE Report on Dog Dominance for you and your American Eskimo and learn how to control your dog.

Do you make these mistakes with your American Eskimo?

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American Eskimo Calorie Calculator

Do you know how many calories your American Eskimo needs every day and how many cups of food you should be giving it every day? Click here to use our American Eskimo Calorie Calculator.

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A General Appearance of the Dog

The American Eskimo is a snowy white Spitz-type dog. Typically it is a medium sized dog, but also comes in toy and miniature sizes in addition to the standard size. It has a plumed tail curled over the back. The American Eskimo Dog has a wedge shaped head with erect triangular shaped ears. The coat is heavier around the neck creating a mane or ruff, and the ruff is more prominent in the male. The eyes may or may not be blue. The American Eskimo is compactly built and well balanced.

Coat Color

The profuse coat is normally a snowy white but may also have biscuit or cream markings.

Coat Type

The American (or Canadian) Eskimo Dog has a heavy double coat, for the northern climates, with a thick undercoat and harsh outer coat growing up through it. Eskies have a heavier coat around the neck area creating a ruff or mane.


Toy: 9 inches up to and including 12 inches
Miniature: over 12 and up to and including 15 inches
Standard: over 15 and up to 19 inches


Toy: 6 to 10 pounds
Miniature: 10 to 20 lbs
Standard: 18 to 35 lbs

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Free American Eskimo Training Secrets

Free Course on American Eskimo Training & Obedience
Stop All Bad Behavior, Excessive Barking and Biting

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American Eskimo Personality Traits

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The Spanish Water Dog is an extremely intelligent, fearless, ever-active, strong, attentive, happy and well balanced versatile working dog with strong herding, hunting and guardian instincts. It is a devoted companion. It is reserved, not shy, with strangers. They can be protective and territorial.

Are they suited to families with kids?

Most of them are good with children and other animals if properly socialized.

American Eskimo Activity Level

How Active is the Breed?

Eskies are an active breed. They need long daily walks and should be kept on a leash or in a well fenced yard.

How Much Exercise Does the Dog Need at every stage of its Life?

American Eskimo dogs need long daily walks. They were bred as a working animal and need an outlet for their energy. The Eskimo Dog will gain weight if he is not getting enough exercise.


The Eskie’s thick double coat should be kept clean. This is easily done with a good brushing twice a week. When shedding, brushing should be done daily.

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Free American Eskimo Training Secrets

Free Course on American Eskimo Training & Obedience
Stop All Bad Behavior, Excessive Barking and Biting

Sign Up Here

Health and Care

Genetic Problems

Although normally healthy, attention should be given to the eyes and tear ducts. American Eskimos can be prone to hip dysplasia and progressive retinal atrophy.

Litter Size: Eskies have an average of 5 puppies

Life Span: Normal life expectancy is around 15 years

National Breed Clubs

National Breed Clubs:
US – American Eskimo Dog Club of America;

Other Recognition: UKC, AKC, NKC, CKC, APRI, ACR

Rescue Link:

Group: AKC Non-Sporting Group; KCGB Working Group under the name Canadian Eskimo Dog

AKC Popularity Ranking: 122

Also Known As: American Spitz, American Deutscher Spitz

Train Your American Eskimo To Listen To You

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You'll learn new commands to obedience-train your dog as well as how to housebreak your dog in 6 days or less.

You'll also learn how to eliminate bad habits like barking, nipping or biting, jumping, or pulling on the leash.Here's just s small fraction of what else you'll learn in the course:

  • How to lead and think like a pack dog - the new psychology.

  • 3 dangerous mistakes that most Eskie owners make when they are trying to potty train their dogs.

  • The 2 main reasons why your dog barks excessively and how to control its excessive barking.

  • How to obedience train your American Eskimo to permanently end behavioral problems like Jumping, Aggression, Pulling on Leash.

  • A surprisingly easy way to teach your dog cool new tricks.

  • How to improve your dog's lifespan and keep it from getting overly heavy with a healthy and nutritious diet.

  • Getting Pro help fast - how to get access to our expert trainers when you need them most.

  • One hidden psychological trigger that all American Eskimos have... that practically allows you to "analyze" and "control" your dog's every action.

  • Priority access to the free online seminars conducted by our training experts.

Whereas other dog training related web sites and books offer generic information for dogs in general, ours is the ONLY web site that offers Eskie information specifically, from a renowned panel of experts - because as you probably know, Eskies have their own special training requirements that other dogs don't have.

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Our Dog Experts

The American Eskimo training information you will read here was developed by a panel of renowned dog training experts whose combined wisdom represents nearly 100 years of specialist experience training dogs.

Here are a few of our experts:

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